BIE

International Organizations Pavilion

International Organizations Pavilion Visual
Uniting in efforts around the globe to protect the ocean and the environment

International Organizations Pavilion

The International Organizations Pavilion showcases the active efforts of 10 prestigious international organizations in the areas of marine and environmental issues. Each organization presents their role, activities and characteristics, and confronts the questions: “How can we save the marine environment?” and “What can we do for the sustainable development of resources?” The exhibitions here encourage consideration of and dialogue on potential viable solutions to these questions.
Theme
Uniting in Efforts to Protect the Ocean and the Environment
Operating hours
9:00 am - 9:00 pm
Capacity
504 persons
Approximate tour time
30 minutes
The best way to enjoy the International Organizations Pavilion
The International Organizations Pavilion highlights the missions, activities and efforts of 10 of the most prestigious of these international organizations. Each exhibition offers a valuable opportunity for you to reflect on what you can do as a global citizen to achieve harmony between humankind and the environment and in the process, a better future for all people.

United Nations(UN)

The UN was first established in 1945 to protect countries from war and maintain peace. It began with 51 countries as members, namely the Allied Forces in World War II, and now almost all countries worldwide are members.

The UN consists of the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council, the International Court of Justice, and the Secretariat.

Organization for Economic Cooperation and 
Development(OECD)

After World War II, many countries in Europe experienced grave economic difficulties. To help deal with this situation, the United States declared the “Marshall Plan”– a plan for economic aid. The OECD was established in 1948 since the plan required close economic cooperation between countries. Korea joined the OECD in December 1996.

Food and Agriculture Organization of the 
United Nations(FAO)

The FAO is the first organization introduced as a special agency of the UN after World War II. At that time, the Allied Forces agreed that population increase, food production shortage and income inequality were threats to global welfare and peace. In line with President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s belief that food is the base for the welfare of humanity and world peace, 44 nations gathered in May, 1943 and convened an Interim Commission. At the end of the World War II in 1945, the FAO was formally brought into existence and became a special agency of the UN.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate 
Change(IPCC)

The IPCC was established in 1988 through the cooperative efforts of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environmental Program (UNEP) with a mission to assess climate change risks. The main activities of the IPCC are to monitor the execution of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and publish reports on its findings. The UNFCCC devises international agreements to deal with dire issues related to climate change – the Kyoto Protocol being one of these agreements.

Partnership in Environment Management for the Seas of East Asia(PEMSEA)

PEMSEA was first established in 1994 to preserve the ecosystem in the seas of East Asia and to promote sustainable development and utilization of coastal and marine resources. Fourteen countries including Korea, North Korea, Japan and China are members of this organization. Thirty areas in the waters of those countries have been chosen as model areas for comprehensive management by PEMSEA, and Shiwhaho in Korea is among them. PEMSEA manages and assesses environmental risks, and supports environment improvement initiatives in polluted areas.

Convention on Biological Diversity(CBD)

As a result of population increases and reckless development of rainforests and the sea, many species are now on the verge of extinction. The CBD was first convened in 1992 in Brazil to save animals in crisis. Composed of 42 articles and 2 annexes, the text of the convention recognizes the sovereignty of genetic resources and includes tenets to prevent damage in other countries due to the use of resources.

Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission(UNESCO-IOC)

This is the only organization under the UN specialized in marine science. The IOC mainly conducts global marine research and deals with marine problems that cannot be solved by the might of individual countries. First established in 1960 at the UNESCO Conference, its member countries now number 132. It actively cooperates with UNESCO, FAO and WMO. Korea became an official member at the first IOC Conference in 1961 and voted as part of the Executive Council for 8 consecutive years beginning in 1993, playing a practical role in the decision-making process and in the operation of programs.

Global Environment Facility(GEF)

The GEF was established in 1990 to provide investment and technical support in the environment field for developing countries. To be eligible, countries must have a national income under 4,465 dollars; those who receive aid should be beneficiary countries under international environmental conventions, such as the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Convention on Biological Diversity; and they are finally selected by international organizations including the World Bank, the International Development Association (IDA), and the UNDP.

World Food Programme(WFP)

The WFP was established under the FAO in 1961. More than 1 billion people are still dying from hunger and malnutrition around the world. The effort to save those people is not the responsibility of any individual nation, but of all nations. The WFP engages the international community in this effort under strategies to end hunger and takes specific actions.

International Maritime Organization(IMO)

The IMO is an international organization under the UN which deals with global problems on marine transport and shipbuilding. Its major objective is to establish marine safety and security and prevent marine pollution caused by ships. By the time the organization was established, frequent large-scale marine accidents brought to the forefront the need for marine safety and security regulations. Its headquarters is based in London, UK and the organization has 168 member states and three associate members. Korea became a member state in 1962.
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